Last Updated: April 19, 2017
Clem, Ralph S.: Here’s how to catch atrocities and human rights violations. (We’re looking at you, Burundi.) February 23, 2016
Dubberley, Sam; Griffin, Elizabeth; Mert Bal, Haluk: Making Secondary Trauma a Primary Issue: A Study of Eyewitness Media and Vicarious Trauma on the Digital Frontline. December 10, 2015
Edwards, Scott: Three Impediments to Technology for Truth. June 10, 2015.
Koettl, Christoph (January 2016): Citizen Media Research and Verification: An Analytical Framework for Human Rights Practitioners, Human Rights in the Digital Age: CGHR Practitioner Paper 1, Cambridge: University of Cambridge Centre of Governance and Human Rights.
Silverman, Craig (Ed.): Verification Handbook: A definitive guide to verifying digital content for emergency coverage. January 2014.
- Also available in Portuguese, Arabic, Spanish and Ukrainian!
- Compendium: The Verification Handbook for Investigative Reporting. A guide to online search and research techniques for using UGC and open source information in investigations.
Bair, Madeleine: Is it Authentic? When Citizens and Soldiers Document War. November 20, 2012.
Cole, Alison: Technology for Truth: The Next Generation of Evidence. March 18, 2015
Cole, Alison: Pictures of Atrocity: Turning Video Footage into Evidence of War Crimes. March 7, 2013
DatNav: How to navigate digital data for human rights research. The Engine Room, 2016
Hodson, Hal: Multi-shot video can identify civil rights abusers. New Scientist, June 28, 2013.
Hudson, John: New York Times Issues Correction on Syrian Rebel Story. Foreign Policy, September 6, 2013.
Human Rights Center, University of California, Berkely: Digital fingerprints: Using electronic evidence to advance prosecutions at the International Criminal Court. February 2014.
Human Rights Center, University of California, Berkely: Beyond Reasonable Doubt: Using scientific evidence to advance prosecutions at the International Criminal Court. 23-24 October 2012. Workshop Report.
Koettl, Christoph: Can Video Document Possible War Crimes In Syria? January 8, 2013.
Koettl, Christoph: ‘The YouTube War’: Citizen Videos Revolutionize Human Rights Monitoring in Syria. February 18, 2014.
Lennon, Helen: A Witness to Atrocity: Film as Evidence in International War Crimes Tribunals. In: Toby Haggith and Johanne Newmann (ed): Holocaust and the Moving Image: Representations in Film and Television since 1933. London 2005, 65ff.
Nunez, Bryan: Is This For Real? How InformaCam Improves Verification of Mobile Media Files. January 15, 2013
Pillay, Sukanya: Video as Evidence. In: Sam Gregory, Gillian Caldwell, Ronit Avni; Thomas Harding (eds):Video for Change. A Guide for Advocacy and Activism. London, 2005.
Truth in the age of social media. Nieman Reports, Vol 66, No. 2 (Summer 2012).
O’Neill, Kathleen; Sentilles, Della; Brinks, Daniel M.: New Wine In Old Wineskins? New Problems in the use of electronic evidence in Human Rights Investigations and prosecutions
Wardle, Claire (ed.): Social Newsgathering: A Collection of Storyful Blog Posts
Cozzens, Richard: Verifying Citizen Video: A Case Study of Destruction from Aleppo. January 7, 2014.
McMahon, Felim: Syria: Turning night into day: analysis of where air strikes blamed on Israel hit. May 5, 2013.
Kivimäki, Veli-Pekka: Russian State Television Shares Fake Images of MH17 Being Attacked. Bellinbcat, November 14, 2014.
Sheridan, Gavin: Storyful tips and tools: Locating videos on a map. September 25, 2012.
Unique Footage Of A Thermobaric Bomb Dropped Over Syria. Brown Moses Blog, January 10, 2013.
The Process Of Video Verification – Rabaa, Egypt, August 14th 2013. Brown Moses Blog, August 15, 2013.
Ethics, Risks, Visual Privacy, Professional Standards
ACLU: Know Your Rights: Photographers. July 2014
Bair, Madeleine: Consent, Privacy, and A Video of Sexual Assault. June 25, 2014.
Bair, Madeleine: Navigating the Ethics of Citizen Video: The Case of a Sexual Assault in Egypt. Arab Media & Society (Issue 19, Fall 2014)
Gregory, Sam: Visual Anonymity and YouTube’s New Blurring Tool. July 18, 2012.
International Committee of the Red Cross: Professional standards for protection work carriedout by humanitarian and human rights actors in armed conflict and other situations of violence. February 2013. (Esp. Chapter6)
Dart Center for Journalism and Trauma: Tip Sheet: Working with Traumatic Imagery
Dubberley, Sam and Grant, Michele: Journalism and Vicarious Trauma: A Guide for Journalists, Editors and News Organisations. April 2017
Rees, Gavin: Tips for Coping With Traumatic Imagery
Rees, Gavin: Developing Your Own Standard Operating Procedure for Handling Traumatic Imagery. April 2017
Feature photo: Christoph Koettl